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Compare and Contrast Plato and Thoreau s…
.... be best, for the individual in question.
In "Crito" for example Socrates places his focus upon the afterlife. As the state has not acted directly against the gods, Socrates comes to the conclusion that the gods have willed him to be where he is. To rebel, according to the philosopher, would be foolish. Thus the state is seen as holding power over the individual as long as the laws created by the state do not oppose the laws of the gods. Socrates thus submits to his fate, because this would eventually be in his favor during the afterlife. For him a good life is not necessarily opposing evil, but rather obeying the laws of the state, even if this results in evil: "Then we ought not to retaliate or render evil for evil to anyone, whatever evil we may have suffered from him." (Plato)
Thoreau in contrast recommends fighting for what the individual perceives as justice. Divinity and afterlife philosophy play no role in Thoreau's argument, but like Plato, he is in favor of what is best for an individual. Thoreau recommends that an individual uses common sense in either opposing or accepting state policies. The individual should thus…
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"Compare And Contrast Plato And Thoreau S Definition Of Patriotism" (2004, February 03) Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.geniuspapers.com/essay/Compare-and-Contrast/682231